Téma: How To End The Stigma Of Psychological Problems?

A few weeks ago we heard in a place as important as the Congress of Deputies a " go to the doctor " when an idem put on the forefront a National Plan for Mental Health, which among other proposals was to increase the ratio of psychologists in our country. health system, a number that is clearly insufficient to address the psychological state of our country, when the figures for anxiety and depression reach alarming numbers, just over a year after our first confinement in March 2020. Much is being done speaking of one of the fundamental consequences of this pandemic: the other wave, that of psychological problems and difficulties, derived from or beset by everything we are experiencing.
The definition of stigma and its consequences.

The previous example is a clear reflection of the still prevailing social stigma of psychological problems. The stigma refers to the exclusion process to which it is subjected to a person or group of people is considered as having a characteristic not socially desirable. In this case, for stating and expressing that they have a psychological problem. It is directly related to discrimination, different treatment and in many cases negative for this or many other characteristics, and is clearly unfair and counterproductive.

It produces a process of " labeling ", by the same person and others, triggering a series of responses at a cognitive, emotional, affective and behavioral level, which categorizes the behavior of the person in the poles of " desirable - undesirable", "good - bad”, with people acting under these premises, conditioning them according to the value that society gives them, with determined and highly defined interpersonal responses. This also has consequences at the social legal level, where society itself can establish a series of rules to behave with people with these characteristics, limiting the manifestation of behaviors and spaces where they can act freely., in a continuous process of vulnerability, where people are expected to act as soon as they see their behavior, even in a hostile or recriminating manner.

Let us remember, in conjunction with the example, that the immediate effect is to associate "psychological problem" with "madness", for which people can be considered dangerous, generating responses of fear and anxiety around them, with a generalized response of misunderstanding, exclusion and concealment of any psychological problem. It produces an invisible barrier, making it difficult to integrate and normalize with stereotypes and prejudices as fundamental weapons. And so society not only lives in a false sense of security, but also with little capacity to approach, help and validate people who suffer from any psychological problem.; and disabling the person with said problem with the necessary skills to deal with them. And suffering an extra burden; not only because of what he tolerates, but because of the constant struggle not to show himself. Producing in them a process of "self-stigma", where a whole series of attitudes are developed against themselves, with thoughts and schemes of "I am unable to take care of myself", with everything that goes hand in hand.

And let's repeat once more, in conjunction with the example; This process occurs with the difficulties that can appear in any psychological and psychiatric manual, and also with all the situations, stages or moments where a person may suffer psychological discomfort. A breeding ground to promote and perpetuate this vicious circle; institutional, social, group and individual level.

What can we do: how can we strengthen ourselves?
To alleviate and eradicate this negative scenario, a whole series of behaviors and guidelines are recommended that help, on the one hand, to a process of inclusion and social normalization; on the other, to a process of individual strengthening, where the person himself rebuilds his self-esteem and self-concept and does not experience a negative and painful emotional charge on himself.

Creating social awareness: by using protests to denounce, show, explain and address unequal, different, distinctive and negative treatment of people who may manifest a psychological problem. From the institutions themselves; in the media, on the networks (Facebook, Instagram, twitter) and at the neighborhood level with the different neighborhood associations. And promoting visibility: with the testimonies of people, anonymous or better known; professionals or laymen, for greater identification and to become aware of something obvious, everyone, at some point, can manifest a psychological problem of various kinds, with different severity and with a more or less determined duration.

Educating in the psychological: in effect, how much more truthful, Equanimeous, contrasted information with an intention of utility, more capacity to face this reality; by society and by the individuals that make it up. Educating not only in what it is or implies, but also in the tools at our disposal, what different professionals do to solve them (teaching, for example, what is functional analysis, a basic tool of psychologists) and psychologically literate, that is, explaining the fundamental terms, both for people and for interpersonal treatment, as has happened with words such as emotional validation, resilience, positive discipline, accompaniment or empowerment,

Contacting people : when making visible and being able to talk that we have gone through psychological discomfort, suddenly, we realize that psychological problems are more frequent than we think, the person who suffers or feels them is your neighbor, partner @ from work @, your best friend, a family member of yours or your partner, normalizing, removing prejudices about how a person with these problems behaves (because sometimes you haven't even noticed) and making the possibility possible and more frequent resorting to professionals, in a public or private setting, thereby avoiding cornification and favoring coping strategies.

Strengthening the individual person: giving the possibility of putting him in contact with people who can help and advise you in your psychological process especially with Blue ridge wilderness therapy, helping us to understand each other and understand what happens to us, what denotes it or causes it, what consequences it has (in me and in the others) and how to prevent or stop it. It helps us cope; now, calmly, using the right tools, choosing the language and asking for what we need. Adjusting our expectations and demands; modifying them for wishes and preferences, for permissions and requests, for time changes, for flexibility, for self-care and acceptance at a time when we were taught to criticize and censor ourselves.

Yes, changing the stigma on psychological problems is essential, it is important at the institutional level, it is necessary for the people who may suffer it and the people around it, and it is urgent, because it is happening, it must be addressed. No more those phrases. We want to help and help each other.